What are the carbohydrates? How much to eat from them? Are they required in our daily menu?
What is Carbohydrate? Carbohydrate is a chemical compound (the same as sugar).
Carbohydrate is the most energy source available to the body.
There are two main types of carbohydrate:
1. Simple carbohydrates - Simple sugars in their basic form (glucose and galactose) are usually sweeter and easy to break down and therefore are energy available to our body.
2. Complex carbohydrates - Complex sugars like starch and glycogen, they break down relatively slowly and therefore they provide sustained energy to our body
Which one is preferable? We prefer to consume mostly complex carbs and a few simple carbs because complex carbohydrates contain minerals and vitamins, they prevent the feeling of immediate hunger and, in contrast, the simple carbohydrates cause a feeling of hunger and disrupt the insulin balance in the blood which can lead to diabetes.
So how many carbs should I eat a day?
It's simple, our body need energy, energy that comes from the food that we eat during the day our body breaks down the food and turns it into energy calories.
The carbohydrates should be a major part of our food (50-60%) of our daily calories, it can be eaten at any meal and in its many forms.
If you are not counting calories you can set yourself to eat between 100 and 150 grams of carbohydrate per day, this is a sufficient amount for an average weight person who wants to keep the weight off.